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Thesis on self help groups

Thesis on self help groups

The research enclosed considers the perspectives and experiences of men from a masculinities perspective in the context of the women-specific poverty alleviation program Kudumbashree. The Kudumbashree program is a government program in the South Indian state of Kerala that delivers micro-financial services through women-only SHGs to the poor. This thesis is an exploration of men and masculinities in the context of a program that targets women as development agents. Based on extensive fieldwork in a slum in Kerala’s capital city Thiruvananthapuram, I provide empirical data on men’s perceptions of the program from interviews and observations. I then analyze that data through a multidisciplinary approach, utilizing theories and concepts from masculinities studies, development studies and literature. I argue that Kudumbashree provides the twin benefit of promoting the masculine ideals of educating one’s children and household provisioning, while at the same time providing support for men’s labor.

An Evaluation of Performance of Self Help Groups In Empowerment of Women: A Case of Selected Women Groups in Chipata District

Mwanza, Josephine (2016) An Evaluation of Performance of Self Help Groups In Empowerment of Women: A Case of Selected Women Groups in Chipata District. Masters thesis, University of Zambia.

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Abstract

In an effort to promote women empowerment, the U.N General Assembly in 1974 passed a resolution emphasizing the priorities of women, their role and participation in socio-economic development and the need to integrate them fully into the development agenda. Micro-credit groups and Self Help Groups (SHGs), commonly known as women groups or women clubs, are some examples of the group-based models used for women empowerment. The Government of Zambia has initiated and implemented various programmes aimed at empowering women through SHGs. One such programme being implemented is the economic empowerment of women through the provision of grants as start-up capital and equipment to SHGs by the Ministry of Community Development and Ministry of Gender and Child Development. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of Self Help Groups in the empowering of women in Chipata Central Constituency. A total of 102 respondents participated in the study that is, 100 women who were beneficiaries of government’s women economic empowerment grant and 2 key informants. Purposive and random sampling was used to draw the sample. The study conducted structured interviews with 20 women group leaders, 10 focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with 2 key informants to collect data. Both qualitative and quantitative analysis was employed to come out with the empirical findings. The study revealed that the participation of women in SHGs impacted positively on their livelihood. Women empowerment groups are playing major role in alleviating poverty among women, and earn income which helps them to support their families. The assertiveness and confidence which women gain further help them to participate in decision making at home and community at large. The groups adopted the strategy of loaning their members to enable them to start individual Income Generating Activities (IGAs) thereby reduced the economic dependency upon other family members. Most women were able to meet their practical gender needs, as well as their children’s school requisites with income raised from IGAs. However, the findings revealed that SHGs in Chipata are not performing well. Causes and factors that were possibly beyond the control of the poor performance of those women groups were attributed to the lack of business shelters, low education levels among members of SHGs, low participation and conflicts among members. Furthermore, the present study established that misuses of resources, lack of training and having little or no funding were among causes that are hindering the performance of SHGs. The study recommends that more targeted attention must be paid to the funding and training of women in SHGs prior to the project and also monitoring of group projects by the government should be enhanced in order to minimise the potential of failure of those SHGs.

A Study Concerning Self-Help Groups and College Mathematics

The problem with which this investigation is concerned is that of determining whether utilizing self-help groups for remedial mathematics students would improve their course completion rates, achievement, and attitudes toward learning mathematics. The methods of determining the success/failure of self-help groups in this study were the Z-test from inferences concerning two proportions, the t-test from inferences concerning the difference between two independent means, and the t-test from inferences concerning the difference between two dependent means. The participants of the study were chosen from the students enrolled in “daytime” mathematics classes at Tarrant County Junior College – Northeast Campus, Hurst, Texas. … continued below

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  • Miller, Bob W. Major Professor

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  • Holder, A. Doyle Minor Professor
  • Anderson, Gary Weldon
  • Miller, James R.

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  • Department:College of Education
  • Discipline:Administration in Higher Education
  • Level:Doctoral
  • Name:Doctor of Education
  • PublicationType: Doctoral Dissertation
  • Grantor:North Texas State University

Description

The problem with which this investigation is concerned is that of determining whether utilizing self-help groups for remedial mathematics students would improve their course completion rates, achievement, and attitudes toward learning mathematics. The methods of determining the success/failure of self-help groups in this study were the Z-test from inferences concerning two proportions, the t-test from inferences concerning the difference between two independent means, and the t-test from inferences concerning the difference between two dependent means. The participants of the study were chosen from the students enrolled in “daytime” mathematics classes at Tarrant County Junior College – Northeast Campus, Hurst, Texas. The experiment was conducted over two semesters and the data combined for statistical analysis. There were one hundred four students involved in the study. Fifty-two students comprised each of the experimental and control classes. The term self-help group was utilized to describe a small group of two-to-fifteen people who engaged in discussion of responsibility, standards, confession, lay leadership, and action. The students did not study mathematics in self-help group sessions. The group meetings dealt with anxieties, attitudes, and commitment that may be associated with mathematics in general. To investigate the hypotheses of this study, data was collected to calculate the percentage completion rates, the means of the final exams taken by students, and the differences of the Semantic Differential scores given to students in the experimental class at the beginning and the end of the semester. This data was utilized for statistical analysis to determine if the experiment was successful. The report concludes that self-help groups did not significantly improve course completion rates, achievement, or attitudes of students toward learning mathematics. Forty-four per cent of the students that completed the experimental class participated in self-help groups.